Food for thought at Just Thomism:
Reading modern debates between atheists and theists I get the sense that the topics come from rumors of topics long forgotten. Both sides have heard that there is a “cosmological argument” that has somehow proved God’s existence, but they devote page after page of critique or praise of this argument on the basis of special relativity, theories concerning black holes, probability theory, or in general, ideas borrowed from modern Physics. Both sides have heard something about how the soul was once immortal, or that a part of man is immaterial- but this turns into a question of whether minds are physical, or whether mental states are brain states.
In both of these ways of discussing the problem, I agree with the atheist or materialist position.